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醫學檢驗基本知識

   1.ZHONGDUKELI   ZAIYANZHONGGANRANSHIZHONGXINGLIXIBAONEICHUXIANDERANCHENGZIHEISEDECUDAKELI。  

 2.YATIEXUEHONGSU   XUEHONGDANBAISESUBUFEN,YOUTIEYUANZIJIYUANBULINQUZUCHENG。

   3.DIANCAIHONGXIBAO   HONGXIBAOZHONGCANCUNDESHIJIANXINGWUZHI,SHIRNABIANXINGCHENDIANDEJIEGUO。

 4.ZHONGXINGLIXIBAOHEZUOYI   WAIZHOUXUEZHONGXINGGANZHUANGHELIXIBAOZENGDUO(CHUXIANWAN、ZHONG、ZAOYOULIXIBAOYIZHIYUANLIXIBAO)。   

   5.XUEXING   SHIRENTIXUEYEDEYIZHONGYICHUANXINGZHUANG,SHIZHIHONGXIBAOKANGYUANDECHAYI。  

 6.ABOXUEXINGKANGTI   YIBANFENWEIERLEI;“TIANRAN”KANGTIHEMIANYIKANGTI,DOUSHITONGGUOMIANYICHANSHENGDE。

  7.BINGLIXINGDANBAINIAO   DANBAINIAOCHIXUCHAOGUO0.15g/d,CHANGWEIBINGLIXING,SHISHENZANGJIBINGDEKEKAOZHIBIAO。

  8.SHENXIAOGUANDANBAINIAO   XISHENXIAOQIULVGUOMOZHENGCHANG,DANYUANNIAOZHONGZHENGCHANGLVGUODEDANBAIZHIBUNENGBEISHENXIAOGUANCHONGFENHUIXISHOUSUOZHI。

  9.BENZHOUSHIDANBAI   SHIMIANYIQIUDANBAIDEQINGLIANDANTIHUOERJUTI,SHUYUBUWANQUANKANGTIQIUDANBAI。CHANGCHUXIANGANGUSUILIUHUANZHENIAOZHONG,YOUZHENDUANYIYI。

  10.WANGZHIHONGXIBAO   SHIJIEYUWANYOUHONGXIBAOHECHENGSHUHONGXIBAOZHIJIANSHANGWEIWANQUANCHENGSHUDEHONGXIBAO。  

      11.RUISHIRANYE   SHIYOUSUANXINGRANLIAOYIHONGHEJIANXINGRANLIAOMEILANZUCHENGDEFUHERANLIAO,RONGYUJIACHUNHOUJIELIWEIDAIZHENGDIANDEMEILANHEDAIFUDIANDEYIHONGLIZI。  

   12.YIXINGLINBAXIBAO   ZAIMOUXIEBINGDUXINGGANRANHUOGUOMINYUANCIJIXIASHILINBAXIBAOZENGSHENG,BINGCHUXIANYIDINGDEXINGTAIBIANHUACHENGWEIYIXINGLINBAXIBAO。

  13.TUIXINGXINGBIANBAIXIBAO   BAIXIBAOCHUXIANBAOTIZHONGDA、JIEGOUMOHU、BIANYUANBUQING、HEGUSUO、ZHONGZHANGHUORONGJIEDENGBIANHUA。

  14.HEYOUYI   WAIZHOUXUEZHONGXINGLIXIBAOWUXIEHEYISHANGZHECHAOGUO3%CHENGWEIHEYOUYI。

  15.HONGBANLANGCHUANGXIBAO   SLEHUANZHEXUEYE(TIYEZHONG)CUNZAILEYINZI,ZAITIWAIKESHISHOULEIBAIXIBAOHEDNAJIEJU,XINGCHENGYOULIJUNYUNTI,BEIJUYOUTUNSHINENGLIDEBAIXIBAOSUOTUNSHIERXINGCHENG。

  16.NEIYUANXINGNINGXUEXITONG   ZHININGXUESHIDONGFANYINGYINZIⅫDEJIHUO[Ⅸa-PF3-Ⅷ-Ca]FUHEWUDEXINGCHENGYIJIJIHUOYINZIⅩ。  

 17.WAIYUANXINGNINGXUEXITONG   ZHIⅦYINZIJIHUOJIYINZIⅢYIZUZHISUNSHANGHOUSUOSHIFANGCHUDEZUZHININGXUEHUOMEIQIDONGWAIYUANXINGNINGXUETUJINGWEITEDIAN。

 18.XUENINGDEGUXIANGJIHUO   ZHIⅫYINZIJIECHUDAOYIZHONGDAIDIANHEDEBIAOMIAN,JIBEIJIHUOWEIⅫaDEGUOCHENG(JIANYI:JIⅫaJIHUOGUOCHENG)。  

 19.XUENINGDEYEXIANGJIHUO   ZHIJITAISHIFANGMEIYUANZHUANBIANWEIJITAISHIFANGMEIHOUXUNSUJIHUOⅫaZHEYIFANKUIZUOYONGYOUCHENGMEIJIHUO。  

 20.RhXUEXING   HONGXIBAOSHANGHANYOUYUHENGHEHOUHONGXIBAOXIANGTONGDEKANGYUANWEIRhXUEXING。

 21.SHENTOUYACHA   SHITINEISHUIZHONGXISHOUDEDONGLI,NONGDUCHAHEDIANWEICHASHIYIXIERONGZHIZHONGXISHOUDEDONGLI。

 22.ZHENXINGTANGNIAO   YINYIDAOSUFENMILIANGXIANGDUIHUOJUEDUIBUZUSHITINEIGEZUZHIDUIPUTAOTANGDELIYONGLVJIANGDISUOZHI。

 23.SHENXINGTANGNIAO   ZHIXUETANGCHUYUZHENGCHANGSHUIPING,YOUYUSHENXIAOGUANDUITANGDEZAIXISHOUNENGLIJIANDISUOZHI。

 24.XUEHONGDANBAINIAO   ZHIDANGFASHENGXUEGUANNEIRONGXUESHI,CHANSHENGDEXUEHONGDANBAICHAOGUOJIEHEZHUDANBAIDEJIEHENENGLIERYOUNIAOZHONGCHUXIANDEXIANXIANG。  

 25.RUMINIAO   ZHINIAOZHONGHANYOULINBAYE,WAIGUANSHINIUNAIZHUANGCHENGWEIRUMINIAO。

 26.GUANXING   SHISHENXIAOGUANZHONGDANBAIJUJIWUXINGCHENGDEGUANZHUANGZHUXING。

 27.RONGZUZHINEIAMIBA   WEIGONGRENZHIBINGDEAMIBA,GENJUQISHENGHUOSHIGEQIDEBIANHUAERFENZIYANGTIHEBAONANGQI,KEYINQICHANGAMIBALIJIHUOQITAAMIBABING。  

 28.SHENCHUYE   YOUJUBUZUZHIFAYANYINQIDEYANXINGJIYE,SHENCHUSHIYANZHENGBINGZAONEIXUEGUANZHONGDEYETICHENGFENHEXIBAOCHENGFENTONGGUOXUEGUANBIJINRUZUZHIHUOTIQIANGGUOCHENG。  

 29.LVCHUYE   XUEGUANNEIDESHUIFENBANTONGYINGYANGWUTONGGUOMAOXIXUEGUANLVCHU,ZHEZHONGZAIZUZHIJIANXIHUOTIQIANGNEIJIJUDEFEIYANZHENGXINGZUZHIYECHENGLVCHUYE。  

 30.XUEYELIUBIANXUE   SHIYIMENXINXINGDESHENGWULIXUEFENZHI,SHIYANJIUXUEYEHONGGUANLIUDONGXINGZHI,XUEXIBAOLIUDONGXINGZHIJISHENGWUHUAXUECHENGFENDEYIMENKEXUE。  

 31.PH   QINGLIZINONGDUDEFUDUISHU,YONGYIBIAOSHIRONGYEDESUANJIANDU。  

 32.XISHIBEISHU   XISHIQIANRONGYENONGDUCHUYIXISHIHOUDERONGYENONGDUSUODEDESHANG。  

 33.SHUANGSUONIAOFANYING   FENZIZHONGHANYOULIANGGEANJIJIALAOJI(CONH2)DEHUAHEWUYUJIANXINGTONGRONGYEZUOYONG,XINGCHENGZISEFUHEWUDEFANYING。  

 34.ZHONGWEISHU   JILIANGZILIAODEYIQUNGUANCHAZHIANDAXIAOYICIPAILIE,QISUOZAIDESHUWEIYUZHONGJIANZHEJIWEIZHONGWEISHU。

 35.BIANYIXISHU   BIAOZHUNCHACHUYIJUNSHUERDEDEBAIFENBI,BIAOSHIFANGFADEXIANGDUIJINGMIDU。  

 36.MEI   MEISHIYOUSHENGWUTICHANSHENGDEYILEIJUYOUTEYIXINGHECUIHUANENGLIDEDANBAIZHI,YICHENGSHENGWUCUIHUAJI。  

 37.ZHENGCHANGZHI   YINGYONGTONGJIFANGFALAIQUEDINGDEMOUZHONGSHENGLIZHIBIAODEZHENGCHANGBODONGFANWEI。  

 38.TANGYUANYISHENG   FEITANGWUZHI(RUMOUXIEANJISUANJIRUSUAN、BINGTONGSUANHEGANYOU)ZAIGANZANGHESHENZANGDENGQIGUANZHONGMOUXIETEYOUMEIDECUIHUAXIAZHUANBIANCHENGTANGYUANHUOPUTAOTANGDEGUOCHENG。  

 39.MOERNONGDU   SHIYI1SHENGRONGYEZHONGSUOHANRONGZHIDEMOERSHUBIAOSHIDENONGDU。  

 40.DANBAIZHIWUCHA   YANGPINRONGYEZHONGHANYOUDANBAIZHIHUODUOTAISHI,CHANGSHIpHZHIDEBISECEDINGCHUXIANYANZHONGDEWUCHA。

 41.MEIDEHUOXINGDANWEI   ZHIZAIYIDINGDEZUOYONGTIAOJIANXIA,MEICUFANYINGZHONGDANWEISHIJIANNEIZUOYONGWUDEXIAOHAOLIANGHUOCHANWUDESHENGCHENGLIANG。  

 42.JINGMIDU   DUITONGYIYANGPINDUOCICEDING,MEICICEDINGJIEGUOHEPINGJUNZHIDEXIANGJIEJINCHENGDU。  

 43.YIXUEJUEDINGSHUIPING   ZHIZAIZHENDUANJIZHILIAOGONGZUOSHI,DUIJIBINGZHENDUANHUOZHILIAOQIGUANJIANZUOYONGDEMOUYIBEICECHENGFENDENONGDU。  

 44.DIANYONG   DAIDIANLIZIZAIDIANCHANGZHONGDEYIDONGXIANXIANG。  

 45.ZHUNQUEDU   SHIZHICEDINGJIEGUOHEZHENZHIJIEJINDECHENGDU。  

 46.DIANSHEN   ZAIDIANCHANGZUOYONGXIA,DUIYUGUTIZHICHIWUDEXIANGDUIYIDONGXIANXIANG。  

 47.RONGXUE   DANGHONGXIBAOZAIDISHENRONGYEZHONG,YINXIBAOWAIYETIJINRUXIBAONEI,SHIHONGXIBAOGUODUPENGZHANGERFASHENGPOLIE,ZHEYIXIANXIANGWEIRONGXUE。  

 48.MOERXIGUANGSHU   ZAIGUIDINGDEBOCHANGCHU,1MOERNONGDUDERONGYETONGGUOGUANGJING1cmBISETASHIDEXIGUANGDU。  

 49.BISEFA   YIKEJIANGUANGZUOGUANGYUAN,BIJIAORONGYEYANSESHENQIANDUYICEDINGSUOHANYOUSEWUZHINONGDUDEFANGFA。  

 50.TIYE   SHIZHIJITINEIDESHUIRONGYE,BAOKUOSHUIHERONGJIEYUQIZHONGDEWUZHI——DIANJIEZHI、XIAOFENZIYOUJIWUHEDANBAIZHIDENG。  

 51.ZHENZHI   ZHONGXINGZHIFANGHUOCHENGSANSUANGANYOUZHI。  

 52.MEIJIHUOJI   NENGSHIWUHUOXINGDEMEIYUANBIANCHENGYOUHUOXINGDEWUZHI。  

 53.SHUIJIEMEI   FANCUJINZUOYONGWUDEJIASHUIFENJIEZUOYONGDEMEI。  

 54.YINGGUANGFENXIFA   LIYONGMOUXIEWUZHIBEIZIWAIGUANGZHAOSHEHOUSUOFASHENGDENENGFANYINGCHUGAIWUZHITEXINGDEYINGGUANG,KEYIJINXINGDINGXINGHUODINGLIANGFENXIDEFANGFA。  

 55.BIAOZHUNRONGYE   YICHENGJIZHUNRONGYE,SHINONGDUYIJINGZHUNQUECEZHIDERONGYE。  

 56.MISHICHANGSHU   JIANZHIFANYINGSUDUvWEIZUIDASUDUVDEYIBANSHISUOXUDEDIWUNONGDU。  

 57.TONGGONGMEI   ZAITONGYIZHONGSHUZHONGQILIHUAJISHENGWUXINGZHIBUTONGERNENGCUIHUAXIANGTONGFANYINGDEMEI。  

 58.YANXI   ZAIDANBAIZHIRONGYEZHONGJIARUZHONGXINGYANYIPOHUAIDANBAIZHIDEJIAOTIXINGERSHIDANBAIZHICONGSHUIRONGYEZHONGCHENDIANXICHU。   

   59.MEIDEREWENDINGSHIYAN   LIYONGBUTONGLAIYUANDEMEIDUIREDEWENDINGXINGBUTONG,BIJIAOXUEQINGJIAREQIANHOUMEIHUOXINGDEBIANHUALAIQUBIEMEIDEQIGUANLAIYUAN。  

 60.DENGDIANDIAN   DANBAIZHISHILIANGXINGDIANJIEZHI,ZAITEDINGDEpHRONGYEZHONGSUODAIZHENGDIANHESHUQIAHAODENGYUFUDIANHESHU。CISHIDANBAIZAIDIANCHANGZHONGBUZAIYIDONG,CIRONGYEDEpHCHENGGAIDANBAIZHIDEDENGDIANDIAN。  

 61.BIANMAO   XIJUNTISHANGFUZHUDEXICHANGCHENGBOZHUANGWANQUDESIZHUANGWU,SHIXIJUNDEYUNDONGQIGUAN。

 62.JIAMO   XIJUNXIBAOBIWAIWEIRAODEZHANXING、JIAODONGYANGWUZHI,HOUDUZAI0.2μmSHANGZHE,CHENGWEIJIAMO。

 63.YABAO   YOUXIEXIJUNZAIYIDINGTIAOJIANXIA,ZAIJUNTINEIXINGCHENGYIZHEGUANGXINGHENQIANGDEXIAOTI,YOUQIANGDADEDIKANGLI。

 64.LXINGXIJUN   WUXIBAOBIHUOXIBAOBIYOUQUEXIANDEXIJUN。  

   65.SHIJUNTI   SHIQINXIXIJUN、ZHENJUNHUOLUOXUANTIDEBINGDU,ZAIYIGANDESUZHUXIBAONEIZENGZHIBINGJIANGQILIEJIE。

 66.ZHILI   CUNYUXIJUNRANSETIWAIDEHUANXINGDNA。

 67.TIAOJIANZHIBINGJUN   JIJUZAIRENTIYIDINGBUWEIDEXIJUN,ZAIZHENGCHANGQINGKUANGXIABUZHIBING,DANGJITIPINGHENGZHUANGTAIPOHUAISHIKEYINQIJIBINGZHE。  

 68.WAIDUSU   XIJUNZAISHENGCHANGFANZHIGUOCHENGZHONGFENMIDAOJUNTIWAIDEDUXINGWUZHI。  

 69.NEISUSU   GELANSHIYINXINGXIJUNDEXIBAOBIWAIBUJIEGOU,DANGJUNTISIWANGHUOLIEJIEHOUCAISHICHUDEDUXINGWUZHI。

 70.JIAXINGRONGXUE   ZHIZAIXUEYEQIONGZHIPINGBANSHANG,XIJUNJUNLUOZHOUWEIDECAOLVSERONGXUEHUAN。  

 71.YIXINGRONGXUE   ZHIZAIXUEYEQIONGZHIPINGBANSHANG,XIJUNJUNLUOZHOUWEIDEWUSETOUMINGRONGXUEHUAN。  

 72.YIRANKELI   ZHIBAIHOUGANJUNJUNTIDERANSEXINGBUJUNYUNERCHUXIANDERANSEJIAOSHENDEKELI。  

 73.JUNTIKANGYUAN   SHIXIJUNDEXIBAOBICHENGFEN,YOUKANGYUANXING、NAIREYUXIANGYINGKANGTICHENGKELIZHUANGNINGJI。  

 74.BIANMAOKANGYUAN   XIJUNDEBIANMAODANBAI,YOUKANGYUANXING、BUNAIRE,YUXIANGYINGDEKANGTICHENGXUZHUANGNINGJI。  

 75.BIAOMIANKANGYUAN   XIJUNTIZHOUWEIDEDUOTANGCHENGFEN,BUNAIRE,KEZUDUAN0KANGYUANYUXIANGYINGKANGTIFANYING。  

 76.ETEC   CHANCHANGDUSUXINGDACHANGAIXISHIJUN。  

 77.EPEC   ZHIBINGXINGDACHANGAIXISHIYIN。  

 78.EIEC   QINXIXINGDACHANGAIXISHIJUN。  

 79.FEIFAJIAOJUN   ZHIYIDAQUNBUFAJIAOTANGLEI、ZHUANXINGXUYANG、WUYABAODEGELANSHIYINXINGGANJUN。

 80.WEIXINGXIANXIANG   ZHILIUGANSHIXUEGANJUNSHENGCHANGZAIJINPUTAOZHOUWEICHUDEJUNLUOZENGDAXIANXIANG。  

    81.KANGYUAN   ZHINENGCIJIJITIMIANYIXITONGCHANSHENGMIANYIYINGDAERSHENGCHENGKANGTIHEZHIMINLINBAXIBAODENGMIANYIYINGDACHANWUBINGYUZHIFASHENGTEYIXINGJIEHEDEWUZHI。

 82.BUTIJIEHESHIYAN   KANGYUANYUKANGTIJIEHESHIKEJIHUOBUTI,CIWEILIANGZUKANGTIKANGYUANZHENGDUOBUTIDESHIYAN。

 83.FEIJUNXIANGMIANYIJISHU   ZHIZAIMIANYIFANYINGZHONGBIXUFENLIJIEHEXINGYUYOULIXINGBIAOJIWUDEJISHU。  

   84.KANGYUANTEYIXING   ZHIKANGYUANJUYOUNENGYUXIANGYINGKANGTIHUOZHIMINLINBAXIBAOFASHENGTEYIJIEHEDEWUZHI。

 85.BUTI   SHIYIZUJUYOUMEIHUOXINGERBUNAIREDEQIUDANBAI,CUNYURENHEDONGWUDEZHENGCHANGXINXIANXUEQINGZHONG。  

 86.MIANYIHUOXINGXIBAO   NENGJIESHOUKANGYUANCIJIERFASHENGFENHUA、ZENGZHIXINGCHENGMIANYIXIAOYINGWUZHIBINGNENGJINXINGTEXINGMIANYIFANYINGDEXIBAO。  

 87.TIYEMIANYI   BXIBAOCANYUDEMIANYIYINGDA。  

 88.XIBAOMIANYI   TXIBAOCANYUDEMIANYIYINGDA。  

   89.BIANTAIFANYING   SHIJITISHOUTONGYIKANGYUANZAICIJIHOUFASHENGDEZUZHISUNSHANGHUOSHENGLIGONGNENGWENLUANDETEYIXINGFANYING。

 90.KANGYUANKANGTIFANYING   ZHIKANGYUANYUXIANGYINGHANGTIZHIJIANSUOFASHENGDETEYIXINGJIEHEFANYING。  

 91.MIANYIZUOJI   CUJINKANGTICHANSHENGDEKANGYUANFUZHUJI。  

    92.DANKELONGKANGTI   TONGGUOZAJIAOLIUXIBAOCHANSHENGDETEYIXINGCHUNJINGKANGTI。  

  93.CHENDIANFANYING   KERONGXINGKANGYUANHEKANGTIZAIYEXIANGZHONGTEYIJIEHESHENGCHENGCHENDIANWUDEFANYING。  

 94.SHUANGXIANGKUOSANSHIYAN   ZHIZAIQIONGZHINEIKANGYUANHEKANGTIGEZIXIANGDUIFANGKUOSAN,ZAISHIDANGBILICHUXINGCHENGCHENDIANXIANDESHIYANFANGFA。   

  95.NINGJIFANYING   ZHIKELIXINGKANGYUANYUXIANGYINGKANGTIDEJIEHE,BINGCHUXIANROUYANKEJIANDENINGJIXIANXIANG。

 96.JUNXIANGMIANYIJISHU   ZHIZAIMIANYIFANYINGZHONGBUXUYAOFENLIJIEHEXINGYUYOULIXINGBIAOJIWUDEJISHU。

 97.YINGGUANGKANGTIJISHU   YIYINGGUANGWUBIAOJIKANGTIJINXINGKANGYUANDINGWEIDEJISHU。  

 98.ZISHENMIANYIBING   JITICHANSHENGZHENDUIZISHENZUZHIKANGYUANCHENGFENDEKANGTIHUOMIANYIXIBAO,CONGERDAOZHIXIBAOSUNSHANGDEJIBING。

 99.MIANYIQUEXIANBING   YOUYICHUANHEQITAYUANYINZAOCHENGDEMIANYIXITONGFAYUYOUZHIHUOMIANYIFANYINGZHANGAIHUOBUQUANDEJIBING。  

 100.獨特型   指同一個體不同B細胞系所產生的免疫球蛋白抗原性差異,即可變區中高變區的抗原決定簇不同。
 

1. 凝血時間測定的臨床意義何在?
答:(1)延長:①第Ⅷ、Ⅸ、Ⅺ因子缺乏;②凝血酶、纖維蛋白原、Ⅴ、Ⅹ因子減少; ③抗凝物質增多。   (2)縮短:①DIC的高凝期;②血液高凝(血栓前狀態);③技術操作錯誤。

2. 出血時間測定的臨床意義何在?
答:延長表示止血初期缺陷:(1)血管結構或功能異常;(2)血小板量及功能異常;(3)血管性假血友病;(4)嚴重凝血功能障礙。

3. 簡述血液凝固的三個形成途徑?
答:.(1)凝血酶原激活物的形成;(2)凝血酶的形成;(3)纖維蛋白的形成。

4. 簡述紅細胞沉降率(血沉)試驗原理。
答:(1)血漿因素:纖維蛋白原或球蛋白增多使紅細胞Zeta電位降低;  (2)紅細胞因素:影響血漿逆阻力。

5. 根據細胞分布和動力學特點。粒細胞可分為幾個部分?
答:(1)分裂池:從原粒細胞→晚幼粒細胞;   (2)成熟池:包括晚幼粒和桿狀核粒細胞;   (3)貯存池:包括分葉核和部分桿狀核細胞;   (4)循環池:包括半數成熟細胞循環入血;   (5〕邊緣池:附著血管壁可與循環池互換。

6. 簡述粒細胞的成熟過程。 答:粒細胞起源于多能干細胞,分化為定向干細胞→原始粒細胞→早幼粒細胞→中幼粒細胞→晚幼粒細胞→桿狀核細胞→分葉核細胞。
 

7. 血沉測定(魏氏法)注意事項有哪些?
答:(1)采血后在室溫下必須2小時內測定;(2)室溫保持18~25℃,否則需注明校正。(3)血沉管必須清潔干燥;     (4)血沉管必須垂直放置,避免陽光直射, (5)混合需均勻,吸血量準確。

8. 點彩紅細胞增多的臨床意義?
答: 可見于鉛、汞、苯、苯胺中毒及溶血性貧血、巨幼紅細胞性貧血、白血病、惡性腫瘤等病人。

9. 嗜中性粒細胞的主要功能有哪些?
答:(1)具有吞噬活性及復雜的殺茵系統;(2)參與免疫復合物和壞死組織的清除。
 

10.GENJUXIBAOXINGTAIHERANSETEZHENGPINXUEKEFENWEIJIZHONGLEIXING? DA:(1)ZHENGCHANGXINGPINXUE;(2)DAXIBAOXINGPINXUE;(3)DANCHUNXIAOHONGXIBAOXINGPINXUE;(4)XIAOHONGXIBAODISESUXINGPINXUE。 11.HEWEISHENXIAOGUANXINGDANBAINIAO,CHANGJIANBINGYINYOUNAXIE? DA:XISHENXIAOQIULVGUOMOZHENGCHANG,DANYUANNIAOZHONGZHENGCHANGLVGUODEDANBAIZHIBUNENGBEISHENXIAOGUANCHONGFENHUIXISHOUSUOZHI。 CHANGJIANBINGYIN:(1)HUODONGXINGSHENYUSHENYAN;(2)SHENYIZHI;(3)GEZHONGDUDENG。 12.SHIYANSHICHANGJIANDEKANGNINGJIYOUJIZHONG? DA:(1)GOUYUANSUANYAN;(2)CAOSUANYANHESHUANGCAOSUANYAN;(3)GANSU;(4)YIERANSIYISUAN。 13. JIANSHUNIAOZHONGβ2-WEIQIUDANBAICEDINGDELINCHUANGYIYI。   DA:YONGYUZHENDUANJINQUXIAOGUANSHOUSUNDELINGMINZHIBIAO,KEGUJIMOUXIEYAOWUDUISHENZANGDESUNHAI,JINGKEXIEZHUJIANBIENIAOLUGANRANDEZHENDUAN。 14.JIANSHUXUEHONGDANBAIDEHECHENGGUOCHENG。 DA:XUEHONGDANBAISHIHONGXIBAODEZHONGYAOCHENGFEN,YOUZHUDANBAIHEYATIEXUEHONGSUJIEHEZUCHENG。 15.CHANGJIANHONGXIBAOYICHANGJIEGOUYOUNAXIE? DA:(1)SHIJIANXINGDIANCAIHONGXIBAO;(2)RANSEZHIXIAOTI(HOwelI-Jolly s body);(3)KABOSHIHUAN;(4)YOUHEHONGXIBAO。 16.YINQIXUEXIBAORENGONGJISHUDEWUCHAYOUNAXIE?JIANYAOSHUOMING QIYUANYINJIPAICHUFANGFA。 DA:(1)JISHUWUCHA:①QUXUEBUWEIBUDANG; ②XISHIBEISHUBUZHUN; ③XUEYENINGGU; ④CHONGYEBUDANG;⑤HUNHEBUJUN,  ⑥BAIXIBAOYINGXIANG;  ⑦YIQIWUCHA;  ⑧XUEJIANGZIJIANINGJIHUOQIUDANBAIGUOGAO。 (2)GUYOUWUCHA(YUNXUWUCHA)。PAICHUFANGFA: ①TIGAOJISHUSHUIPINGHERENYUANSUOZHIDEPEIYANG; ②GAOHAOZHILIANGKAOHEHEPINGJIA。 17.JIANYAOSHUOMINGYINQIBINGLIXINGHONGXIBAOZENGDUODEYUANYINYOUNAXIE? DA:CHANGJIANZHEYOUSANLEI:(1)XIANGDUIZENGDUO:RUOUTU、FUSHUI、SHAOSHANGDENGXUEYENONGSUO;          (2)JIFAXINGZENGDUO:RUMANXINGFEIXINBING、CHANGQIQUEYANGSUOZHIDAICHANGXINGZENGDUO;          (3)ZHENXINGHONGXIBAOZENGDUO:XIZAOXUEXITONGZENGZHIXINGJIBINGDENG。 18.WANGZHIHONGXIBAOJISHUZHENGCHANGCANKAOZHIJILINCHUANGYIYI? DA:  (1)ZHENGCHANGZHI:CHENGREN:0.008~0.02(25~75)X109/L  ERTONG:0.02~0.06X109/L;    (2)LINCHUANGYIYI:①PANDUANGUSUIHONGXIBAOXITONGZAOXUEQINGKUANG;②ZUOWEILIAOXIAOGUANCHAZHIBIAO。 19.JIANSHUHONGXIBAODEQIYUANJIFAYUGUOCHENG。 DA:(1)XIBAOQIYUANYUGUSUIZAOXUEGANXIBAO。 (2)FAYUGUOCHENG:HONGXIDINGXIANGGANXIBAO→YUANHONGXIBAO→ZAOYOUHONGXIBAO→ZHONGYOUHONGXIBAO→WANYOUHONGXIBAO→WANGZHIHONGXIBAO→CHENGSHUHONGXIBAO。 20.JIANYAOSHUOMINGDIANZIXUEXIBAOJISHUYIDEPINGJIAFANGFA。 DA:GENJUGUOJIXUEYEXUEBIAOZHUNHUAWEIYUANHUIGONGBUYIQIPINGJIAFANGANBAOKUO6XIANGZHIBIAO: (1)XISHIXIAOGUO; (2)JINGDU:PINEIHEPIJIAN; (3)KEBIXING(YUYIXIAOZHENGYIQIZUOPINGXINGCEDING); (4)ZHUNQUEDUCEDING;(5)YICHANGBIAOBENHEGANRAODEYINGXIANGGUANCHA;(6)TIANRANXUEXIBAOZUOXIAOZHENGZHIKONG(HUOYONGRENGONGBIAOZHUNKELI)。 21.QINGHUAGAOTIEXUEHONGDANBAICEDINGFANGFADEYUANLISHISHENME? DA:XUEYEZAIXUEHONGDANBAIZHUANHUAYEZHONGRONGXUEHOUCHUSHbWAIGEZHONGHbJUNBEIGAOTIEQINGHUAJIAYANGHUACHENGGAOTIEXUEHONG DANBAI,ZAIYUCN-JIEHESHENGCHENGWENDINGDEZONGHONGSEQINGHUAGAOTIEXUEHONGDANBAI(HiCN)。 22.JIAOCHAPEIXUESHIYANZHUYISHIXIANGYOUNAXIE? DA: (1)YANGESANCHASANDUI,ZUNSHOUCAOZUOGUICHENG;(2)SUOYONGRONGQIBIXUQINGJIEGANJING,BUDEJIAOCHASHIYONG, (3)NIANLAOTIRUOHUANZHE,GUANCHAJIEGUOSHIBUKEYONGLIZHENYAO,YIFANGJIAYINXING。(4)YICIDALIANGSHUXUESHI,XIANXUEZHEZHIJIANYINGJINXINGJIAOCHAPEIXUESHIYAN。 23.SHISUANXINGLIXIBAOGONGNENGYOUNAXIE? DA:(1)YIZHISHIJIANXINGLIXIBAOHEFEIDAXIBAOHECHENGYUSHIFANGQIHUOXINGWUZHI;(2)FENMIZUZHIANMEIPOHUAIZUZHIANYIZHIGUOMINFANYING。 (3)CANYUDUIJISHENGCHONGDEMIANYIFANYING。 24.JIANSHURUISHIRANSEFADEYUANLI, DA:(1)RUISHIRANLIAOYOUSUANXINGYIHONGHEJIANXINGMEILANZUCHENGFUHERANLIAO; (2)XIBAOZHONGSUANXINGKELIWEIJIAN XINGDANBAIZHIYUSUANXINGYIHONGJIEHERANWEIFENHONGSE,HEDANBAIHELINBAXIBAOJIANGWEISUANXING,YUJIANXINGMEILANJIEHERANWEILANSECHENGJIANXINGWUZHI,ERZHONGXINGWUZHICHENGDENGDIANZHUANGTAIYUERZHEJIEHERANWEIZIHONGSECHENGZHONGXING。 25. XUEKUFAXUESHIZHUYINAXIEWENTI? DA:(1)YANGEZHIXINGCHADUIZHIDU;(2)RENZHENJIANCHAXUEYEZHILIANG;(3)FAXUERENYUQUXUERENGONGTONGZHIXINGSANCHASANDUI,BINGQIANMINGDENGJI。 26.XIANREXIBAOANQIXINGTAITEZHENGFENWEIJIZHONGLEIXING? DA: GENJUDowneyFENXINGGONGSANXING:(1)ⅠXING(KONGPAOXING);(2)ⅡXING(BUGUIZEXING);(3)ⅢXING(YOUZHIXING)。 27.DANHEXIBAOZENGDUOCHANGJIANNAXIEJIBING?(LIEJU5ZHONG) DA:(1)YAJIXINGXIJUNXINGXINNEIMOYAN;(2)NVEJI;(3)HEIREBING;(4)HUODONGXINGJIEHE;(5)DANHEXIBAOBAIXUEBING;(6)JIXINGGANRANHUIFUQIDENG。 28.SHENMESHIBAIXIBAOXUEXING? DA:SHICUNZAIRENLEIBAIXIBAOMOSHANGDEYIZHONGYUQITAZUZHIXIBAOGONGTONGYOUDETONGZHONGKANGYUAN, YOUCHENGZUZHIXIANGRONGKANGYUAN。 29. HEWEIHEZUOYIXIANGHEHEYOUYIXIANG? DA:WAIZHOUXUEZHONGZHONGXINGGANZHUANGXIBAOZENGDUOSHENZHICHUXIANWANYOULI、ZHONGYOULI、ZAOYOULI、YUANLIDENGGENGYOUZHIXIBAOCHENGWEIHEZUOYI,ZHENGCHANGZHONGXINGLIXIBAO、SANXIEHEYISHANGXIBAOZENGDUOZHECHENGWEIHEYOUYI。 30. JIANSHUHONGBANXINGLANGCHUANGXIBAODEXINGCHENGJILI。 DA:HUANZHEXUEYEHEQITATIYEZHONGCUNZAILEYINZI,ZAITIWAIKESHISHOULEIBAIXIBAOHEDNAJIEJU,XINGCHENGYOULIJUNYUNTI,BEIJUYOUTUNSHINENGLIDEBAIXIBAOSUOTUNSHIERXINGCHENG。 31. JIANSHUSHIZHONGXINGLIXIBAOZENGDUOHEJIANSHAODELINCHUANGYIYI。 DA: ZENGDUO:JIXINGGANRAN、ZHONGDU、JIXINGCHUXUE、EXINGZHONGLIU、XINJIGENGSAIDENG。 JIANSHAO:MOUXIECHUANRANBING(SHANGHAN、LIUGAN、NVEJI)、HUAXUEYAOWUJIFANGSHESUNHAI、XUEYEBING、GUOMINXIUKE、EYEZHI、PIKANG、ZISHENMIANYIXINGJIBINGDENG。 32. NIAOYECHENZHAJIANCHAYINGBAOKUONAXIENEIRONG? DA:(1)GUANXING;(2)HONGXIBAO;(3)BAIXIBAO;(4)SHANGPIXIBAO;(5)JUSHIXIBAO;(6)ZHONGLIUXIBAO;(7)XIJUN; (8)JIEJINGTI。 33.JIANYAOSHUOMINGSHIJIDAIFANGFAJIANCEYAXIAOSUANYANpH、DANBAI ZHI、PUTAOTANGFANGFADEFANYINGYUANLI。 DA:(1)YAXIAOSUANYAN:YAXIAOSUANYANHUANYUANFANYING,XIJUNKESHIXIAOSUANYANHUANYUANWEIYAXIAOSUANYAN, SHIZHISHIJIBIANSE。 (2)pH:JIAJIHONGHEXIUSHEXIANGCAOFENLANZAISUANXINGNIAOZHONGWEICHENGHONGSE, JIANXINGNIAOZHONGWEILANSE。 (3)DANBAIZHI:XIpHZHISHIJIDANBAIZHIWUCHAFA。 (4)TANG:TEYIXINGYANGHUAMEIFA。 34. NIAOTANGCEDING(YANGHUAMEIFA)CHUXIANJIAYANGXINGDEYUANYINHEZAI? DA:(1)NIAOZHONGHANYOUBISESUYUANDEQINHELIGENGQIANGDEWUZHIRUWEISHENGSUE。(2)HUANZHEFUYONGDALIANGZUOXUANDUOBAHOUCHANZHUYIZHIFANYING。 35.NIAOZHONGTONGTIBAOHANNAXIEWUZHI? DA:BAOKUOYIXIANYISUAN、BINGTONG、β-QIANDINGSUAN。 36.YINQIXUEHONGDANBAINIAODEYUANYINSHISHENME? DA:DANGFASHENGXUEGUANNEIRONGXUESHI,CHANSHENGDEXUEHONGDANBAICHAOGUOJIEHEZHUDANBAIDEJIEHENENGLIJICHUXIANXUEHONGDANBAINIAO。 37.DANHEXIBAODEZHUYAOGONGNENGYOUNAXIE? DA:(1)TUNSHINENGLI:BINGYUANWEISHENGWU、ZUZHISUIPIAN、SHUAILAOXIBAO、KANGYUANKANGTIFUHEWU;(2)CHUANDIMIANYIXINXI;(3)JIHUOLINBAXIBAO、CANYUTEYIXINGMIANYIGONGNENG。 38.JIANSHUDANLANGTIANBAODEQIYUANHEFAYUGUOCHENG。 DA:QIYUANYUDINGXIANGGANXIBAO,ZAIGUSUINEIJINGDANHEXIBAO、YOUDANHEXIBAOFAYUCHENGDANHEXIBAOSHISHIRUXUELIU。 39. JIANSHULINBAXIBAODEZHUYAOGONGNENG。 DA:(1)BLINBAXIBAO:JINGKANGYUANJIHUOHOUFENHUAWEIJIANGXIBAOCHANSHENGTEYIXINGKANGTI,CANJIATIYEMIANYI。 (2)TLINBAXIBAO:BEIKANGYUANZHIMINHOU,CHANSHENGDUOZHONGMIANYIHUOXINGWUZHI,CANYUXIBAOMIANYI。 40. JIANSHUXIANWEIDANBAIRONGJIEGUOCHENGDESANGEJIEDUAN。 DA:(1)QIANHOUHUASUZHUANBIANCHENGHUOHUASU;(2)XUEJIANGSUYUANZHUANHUAWEIXUEJIANGSU:(3)XINGCHENGXIANWEIDANBAIJIANGJIECHANWU。 41. JIANSHUMAOXIXUEGUANCAIXUEFADEZHUYISHIXIANG。 . DA:(1)CAIXUEBUWEI:SHOUZHI(ZHONGZHI、WUMINGZHI)HUOERCHUI;(2)SHENDU:2~3mm,SHIXUEYEZIRANLIUCHU;(3)QIEJIYONGLIJICHU,DIYIDIXUEQIQU;(4)CAIXUEWANBI,JUBUYONGXIAODUMIANQIUCAJING。 42. SHENMESHIABOXUEXINGKANGYUAN? DA:SHIMEIRENZHUANYOUXUEXINGKANGYUANWUZHI,TAYOUDUOTANGHEDUOTAIZUCHENG,DUOTAIBUFENJUEDINGABOXUEXINGKANGYUANXING,DUOTANGBUFENJUEDINGTEYIXING。 DA:QIYUANYUDUONENGGANXIBAOZAIGUSUI、PIZANGLINBAJIEHEQITALINBAZUZHISHENGFAZHONGXINFAYUCHENGSHUZHEWEIBLINBAXIBAO。YILAIXIONGXIANSUFAYUCHENGSHUZHEWEITLINBAXIBAO。 44.JIANSHUHONGXIBAOBIJICEDINGDEZHUYISHIXIANG。 DA:(1)SUOYONGQICAIBIXUQINGJIEGANJINGFANGZHIRONGXUE。(2)BUNENGSHIYONGGAIBIANHONGXIBAOTIJIDEKANGNINGJI。(3)YANGEZUNSHOUSHIYANGUIDINGDELIXINLIHEZHUANSU;(4)CAIXUEHOUYING ZAI3XIAOSHINEIJIANCEWANBI。 (5)KONGFUCAIXUE。 45.MIMANXINGXUEGUANNEININGXUE(DIC)SHIYANSHIJIANCHAYOUNASANLEIJIBENFANGFA? DA:(1)DUIXUEXIAOBANHEMOUXIENINGXUEYINZIJIANCHA;(2)DUIXIANRONGXITONGHUOXINGHUOXIANWEIDANBAIJIANGJIECHANWUJIANCHA。(3)DUIXUEXIBAOXINGTAIXUEJIANCHA。 46. JIANSHUGANSUKANGNINGJIDEYOUDIAN、YONGLIANGJIZHUYISHIXIANG。 DA:YOUDIAN:(1)KANGNINGNENGLIQIANG;(2)BUYINGXIANGXUEXIBAOTIJI;(3)BURONGXUE。   YONGLIANG:1g/LSHUIRONGYE0.5ml(37~50℃GANZAO);KANGNINGXUE5ml(XIANGDANG0. 5mg),   ZHUYI: PEIHOUJISHISHIYONG,BUKEJIUZHI。 47. NVEYUANCHONGYOUJIZHONGLEIXING? DA:SANZHONG:(1)EXINGNVEYUANCHONG;(2)SANRINVEYUANCHONG;(3)JIANRINVEYUANCHONG。 48.SHENMESHIXUEXINGHEXUEXINGXITONG? DA:XUEXING:SHIRENTIXUEYEDEYIZHONGYICHUANXINGZHUANG,SHIZHIHONGXIBAOKANGYUANDECHAYI。XUEXINGXITONG:SHIZHIYIZHONGXINDEXUEXINGKANGYUANZAIYIFAXIANDEGEZHONGXUEXINGZHONGJUNYUNFENBU,TAZAIYICHUANSHANGHUBUXIANGGAN。 49. JIANSHURUISHIRANSEFADEZHUYISHIXIANG。 DA:(1)XUEMOBIXUGANZAO;(2)RANSESHIJIAN、NONGDU、WENDU、XIBAOSHULIANGZAIRANSEQIANXUMOSUOZUIJIATIAOJIAN;(3)RANSEYEBUKEGUOSHAO,RANHOUXUYONGLIUSHUICHONGXI;(4)RANSESHIZHUYIBAOHUXUEMOWEIBUXIBAO。 50.JIANSHUXINSHENGERRONGXUEXINGJIBINGDEFABINGJILI。 DA:BENBINGSHIYOUYUMUYINGXUEXINGBUHE,MUTICUNZAITAIERHONGXIBAOXUEXINGKANGYUANXIANGYINGDEMIANYIKANGTI,TONGGUOTAIPANJINRUTAIER,YINQIHONGXIBAOPOHUAI,FASHENGRONGXUE。 51.ZAOCHENGABODINGXINGCUOWUDEYUANYINYOUNAXIE? DA:(1)ZERENXINBUQIANG;(2)ABOBIAOZHUNXUEQINGZHILIANGBUGAO;(3)HONGXIBAONONGDUGUODANHUOGUONONG;(4)JIANINGJI、LENGNINGJI、RUONINGJIJIXIJUNXINGNINGJIGANRAO。 52.SHENMESHIWAIYUANXINGNINGXUEXITONG? DA:ZHIⅦYINZIJIHUOJIYINZIⅢ(ZUZHIYINZI)HUOHUAGUOCHENG。 53.SHIZHONGXINGLIXIBAOCHANGJIANZHONGDUXINGGAIBIANYOUNAXIE? DA:(1)ZHONGDUKELI;(2)KONGPAOBIANXING;(3)DohleSHITI;(4)TUIXINGXINGBIAN。 54.JIANSHUYIXINGLINBAXIBAOXINGCHENGDEYUANYIN。 DA:DANGCUNZAIMOUXIEBINGDUXINGGANRANSHI,RUCHUANRANXINGDANHEXIBAOZENGDUOZHENG,BINGDUXINGFEIYANDENGHUOGUOMINYUANCIJI,SHILINBAXIBAOZENGSHENG,BINGCHUXIANMOUXIEXINGTAIXUEBIANHUA,CHENGWEIYICHANGLIN BAXIBAO,MIANYIXUEYANJIURENWEIYICHANGLINBAXIBAOJITLINBAXIBAODEXINGTAIBIANYI,XIANGMUXIBAOZHUANHUASUOZHI。 55.SHENMESHINEIYUANXINGNINGXUEXITONG? DA:KANGNINGXUESHIDONGFANYING,YINZIⅫDEJIHUO,FUHEWUDEXINGCHENGYIJIJIHUOYINZIⅩ。 56.JIANYAOSHUOMINGNINGXUEGUOCHENGKEFENWEIJIZHONGTUJING。 DA:KEFENWEISANZHONGTUJING:(1)NEIYUANXINGNINGXUEXITONG;(2)WAIYUANXINGNINGXUEXITONG;(3)GONGTONGTUJING。 57. JIANYANKESHIYONGGUOJIDANWEIZHIDENEIHANSHISHENME? DA:(1)FANYIZHIFENZILIANGDEWUZHI,DOUYINGSHIYONGWUZHIDELIANGDANWEI,JIYImol(HUOFENZISHUDAITIZHILIANGNONGDUg、mg)。 (2)TONGYIYONGSHENG(L)LAIBIAOSHITIJI,JIBENDANWEIDEFENMU; (3)MEIHUOXINGDANWEIYIMEIMIAOMEICUFANYINGZHUANHUADIWUDELIANGBIAOSHI。 58. JIANYAOSHUOMINGSHENCHUYEYULVCHUYEDEQUBIE? DA:SHENCHUYE:YOUJUBUZUZHIFAYANSUOZHIDEYANXINGJIYE,SHIYANZHENGBINGZAOXUEGUANZHONGDEYETICHENGFENHEXIBAOCHENGFENTONGGUOXUEGUANBIJINRUZUZHIHUOTIQIANG。 LVCHUYE:SHIZUZHIJIANXIHUOTIQIANGNEIJIJUFEIYANZHENGXINGZUZHIYE。 59. LINCHUANGXUEYELIUBIANXUEZHUYAOBAOKUONASANGECENGCI? DA:(1)XUEYEDEHONGGUANLIUDONGXINGZHI;(2)XUEXIBAOLIUDONGXINGZHI;(3)SHENGWUHUAXUECHENGFEN(BAOKUONINGXUEYOUGUANYINZI)。 60.JIANSHUXUEYELIUBIANXUE。 DA:SHIYANJIUXUEYEHEXUEGUANDEHONGGUANYUWEIGUANBIANXINGLIUDONGTEXINGJIZAIYIXUEDENGLINGYUNEIYINGYONGDEYIMENXINXINGXUEKE。 61.ZHENGGUISHUXIEJIANYANBAOGAOYINGGAIZHUYINAXIE? DA:(1)ZHUNQUEZHENSHI;(2)JIANJIEYIBIAN;(3)TIANXIEQUANMIAN; (4)GUIGEYAOTONGYI:XIANGMUMINGCHENG、SHIYONGDANWEI、SHUZIHUODANWEI。QIANMINGYAOQIUTONGYIHUA。 62. XUECHENCEDING(WEISHIFA)YINGXIANGYINSUYOUNAXIE? DA:(1)CAIXUEHOUZAISHIWEN7.2XIAOSHINEICEDING; (2)XUECHENGUANXUQINGJIEGANZAO; (3)XUEYEYUKANGNINGJIBILIZHUNQUE,BUYINGYOUNINGJI; (4)XUECHENGUANYAOYANGECHUIZHIFANGZHI (5)BAOGAOJIEGUOYONGWENDUJINXINGXIAOZHENG。 63.PINGJIAXUEXIBAOJISHUYIXUNAJIXIANGZHIBIAO? DA:(1)JINGDU:PINEI、PIJIANHEZONGZHONGFUXING;(2)KEBIXING:PIANCHAXINGZHI;(3)ZHUNQUEDU;(4)KANGGANRAONENGLI。 64.NINGXUEMEIYUANSHIJIANYANCHANGXUZUOSHENMEJIANBIESHIYAN? DA:YOUYUⅠ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ、Ⅳ、ⅤYINZIJIANSHAOHUOQUEXIANKEYINGXIANGNINGXUEMEIYUANSHIJIAN, JINGYIDINGSHOUXUCHULIDEXUEQINGHUOXUEJIANGJIARUBEIJIANXUEJIANGZHONG,GUANCHAJIUZHENGHOUDEJIEGUO,YIJINYIBUQUEDINGHEZHONGYINZIQUEXIAN。 65.JIANSHUXUEKUAISHOUSUOSHIJIANCEDINGDEYUANLI。 DA:(1)YOUYUXUEXIAOBANXUESHUANSHOUSUODANBAIDEZUOYONG,SHIXIANWEIDANBAIWANGFASHENGSHOUSUOSUOZHI。(2)XUEXIAOBANSHULIANGHEZHILIANGNINGXUEMEIYUANⅦYINZIYUXIANWEIDANBAIYUANDENONGDUYIJIHONGXIBAOBIJIDUIXUEKUAIHUISUOYEYOUYIDINGYINGXIANG。 66.SHENMESHIXIANWEIDANBAIRONGJIEXITONG? DA:SHIZHONGYAODEKANGNINGXUEXITONG,TADUIBAOCHIXUEGUANBIDEZHENGCHANGTONGTOUXING,WEICHIXUEYELIUDONGZHUANGTAI,XIUFUSUNSHANGZUZHIDENGJUNYOUZHONGYAOZUOYONG。 67.XIANWEIDANBAIRONGJIEGUOCHENGFENWEIJIGEJIEDUAN? DA:SANGEJIEDUAN:(1)QIANHUOHUASUZHUANBIANCHENGHUOHUASU;(2)XUEJIANGSUYUANZHUANBIANCHENGXUEJIANGSU;(3)XINGCHENGXIANWEIDANBAIJIANGJIECHANWU。 68.JIANYAOSHUOMINGNINGXUEMEIYUANSHIJIANCEDINGDELINCHUANGYIYI。 DA:(1)BENSHIYANWEIWAIYUANXINGNINGXUEXITONGDEGUOSHAISHIYAN。(2)SHIJIANYANCHANGZHUYAOJIANYUⅡ、Ⅴ、Ⅶ、ⅩYINZIJIANSHAO,XIANWEIDANBAIYUANJIANSHAOHEKANGNINGWUZHIZENGDUO。 69.XIANWEIDANBAIRONGJIEXITONGDEYIZHIWUYOUNAXIE? DA:(1)KANGHUOHUASU; (2)KANGXUEJIANGSU①HUANMANDEKANGXUEJIANGSU②KUAISUZUOYONGDEKANGXUEJIANGSU。 70.JIANSHUNIAOYESHENTOULIANGCEDINGDELINCHUANGYIYI。 DA:SHILEJIESHENZANGNONGSUOHEXISHIGONGNENGJIAOWEIJINGQUEDEJIANCHAFANGFA。 71. HEWEIGONGNENGXINGDANBAINIAO?CHANGJIANYUANYINYOUNAXIE? DA:(1)FEIQIZHIXINGBINGBIANNIAOZHONGCHUXIANYIGUOXINGSHAOLIANGDANNEIZHI。CHENGLIGONGNENGXINGDANBAINIAO。 (2)YUANYIN:TIWEIXINGDANBAINIAO,JULIEHUODONG、GAOWEN、HANLENGSUOZHI。 72. NIAOBIAOBENBAOCUNCHANGYONGNAXIEFANGFUJI? DA:(1)JIABEN;(2)SHEXIANGCAOFEN;(3)FUERMALIN。 73.YINQINIAOYEHUNZHUODEYUANYINYOUNAXIE? DA:(1)JIANXINGNIAOZAITIWAIYULENGHOU;(2)SUANXINGNIAOZHONGNIAOSUANYANDEYINGXIANG;(3)NIAOZHONGHANNONG、XUE,SHANGPIXIBAO; (4)GAOZHIXUEZHENGBANSUIZHINIAO;(5)LINBAYEJINRUNIAOZHONGDERUMINIAO。 74. SHOUJINIAOYEBIAOBENSHIYINGZHUYINAXIEWENTI? DA:(1)RONGQIYINGQINGJIEGANZAO;(2)NVXINGYINGBIMIANYUEJINGQILIUNIAO,BIYAOYINGCHONGXI。 (3)LIUQUHOUYINGLIJISONGJIAN,(4)XIJUNPEIYANGYINGANYAOQIU(DAONIAO/XIAODUHOUQUZHONGDUANNIAO),SHOUJIWUJUNRONGQIZHONG。 75.ZHENGCHANGNIAOYEZHONGKEHANYOUNAXIEWEILIANGDANBAIZHI? DA:(1)BAIDANBAI;(2)JIHONGDANBAI;(3)β2WEIQIUDANBAI;(4)MIANYIQIUDANBAIDEQINGLIANJISHAOLIANGMEILEI: (5)YOUMINIAOXITONGFENMIDEZUZHIDANBAI。 76. MEIYUYIBANCUIHUAJIDEQUBIEHEZAI? DA:(1)MEIZHUYAOCHENGFENSHIDANBAIZHI,FANYINGTIAOJIANBIJIAOWENHE;(2)CUIHUAXIAOLVFEICHANGGAO,WEIYIBANCUIHUAJIDE106~1013BEI; (3)JUYOUGAODUZHUANYIXING;(4)MEIJUYOUHUOXINGBUWEI:QIZUOYONGDEBUSHIZHENGGEMEIFENZI,SHOUCHANWUHUODIWUFANKUIDIAOJIE。 77,JIANSHUXUEQINGTIECEDINGDEZHUYISHIXIANG? DA:(1)SUOYONGSHIJIHANTIELIANGYAOSHAO。(2)SHIJIPEIZHIBIXIANGYONGZHONGZHENGLIUSHUIHUOQULIZISHUI。(3)ZHUYISUOYONGQIMIN、SHIJIJIZHENGLIUSHUIBUBEITIEWURAN。 (4)BOLIQIMINXIHOUKEYONGXIYANSUANCHONGXI,ZAIYONGZHENGLIUSHUICHONGXI,(5)RONGXUEDUICEDINGYOUYINGXIANG。 78.JIEHEXIAMIANDEMISHIFANGCHENG,JIESHIYIXIADANG[s]>>kmSHICEDEDEFANYINGSULVvDENGYUZUIDAFANYINGSULVVDEDAO LI。v=V[s]/Km+[s]。 DA:DANG[s]>>KmSHI,KmKEHULVEBUJI,CISHISHANG、XIA[s]JUNKEXIAOQU,JIEGUOv=V。 79.JIANSHUDANHONGSUJIANCEDELINCHUANGYIYI。 DA:(1)JIXINGHUANGDANXINGGANYANHUIFUQIZONGDANHONGSUXIAJIANGERδDANHONGSUBAIFENBIQUEXIANZHUTIGAO。 (2)YANZHONGGANGONGNENGBUQUANBINGREN,XUEQINGZHONGδDANHONGSUOCHANGXIAOYUZONGDANHONGSUDE75%。 80.ZHONGLIUBIAOZHIWUYIBANWEIFEN:(1)JISULEI;(2)ZHONGLIUTEYIXINGKANGYUANHUOZHONGLIUXIANGGUANKANGYUAN;(3)BIAOZHIMEI;(4)QITADANBAILEI,QINGMEILEIGEJUCHUYIGEBIAOZHIWUMINGCHENG。 DA:(1)HCG,ACTH,JIANGGAISUDENG;(2)AFP,CEA,TPA(ZUZHIDUOTAIKANGYUAN)DENG; (3)ALP,ACP,r-GT,5'-NTDENG;(4)CRP,Tf(TRF),PA,BJDANBAIDENG; 81.LINCHUANGSHENGHUADEYANJIUNEIRONGYOUNASANGEFANGMIAN? DA:(1)RENTIDEHUAXUEZUCHENG;(2)RENTINEIJINXINGDEHUAXUEBIANHUAJIQIGUILV;(3)RENTINEIDEHUAXUEBIANHUAYUSHENGLIGONGNENGDELIANXI。 82.HEWEITANGHUAXUEHONGDANBAI,QILINCHUANGYIYIHEZAI? DA:(1)XUEHONGDANBAIFENZIZHONGβLIANDEANJISUANMODUANYUTANGJIEHEERCHENG。 (2)TANGNIAOBINGHUANZHEXIANZHUZENGDUO,FANYINGBINGREN1~2GEYUEQIANXUETANGSHUIPING。 83.JIANSHUXUEJIANGZAIZHIDANBAIDEApoA,ApoBDELINCHUANGYI YI。 DA: Apo-A1:ZENGGAO:YICHUNXINGGANYAN,GAOα-ZHIDANBAIXUEZHENG。      XIAJIANG:JIMANXINGGANYAN、GANYINGHUADANDAOGENGZU、XIANTIANJIHUANTangrerBING。 ApoB:ZENGGAO:ⅡXINGGAOZHIXUEZHENG、DANZHIYUJI、SHENBING、JIAKANGDENG,XIAJIANG:JI GAN、GANYINGHUA、DIβZHIDANBAIXUEZHENG、JIADIDENG。 84. JIANSHUYINGXIANGMEICUFANYINGDEJIBENYINSU。 DA:(1)WENDU;(2)pH;(3)FANYINGSHIJIAN;(4)DIWUNONGDU;(5)JIHUOJIHUOYIZHIJI。 85.XUEYEZHONGYIXIEHUAXUECHENGFENKEYINBIAOBENCAIJIBUDANGERSHOUYINGXIANG,CHANGJIANDEBIAOBENBIANYIYINSUYOUFANZHONG?GEJUYILI。 DA:(1)KONGFUCAIXUE----XUEZHICEDING;(2)FANGZHIQITIYISAN----CO2; (3)FANGZHIFENJIE----XUETANG;(4)FANGZHIWURAN----XUEQINGTIE;(5)FANGZHIRONGXUE----K+、LDH。 86.JIANSHUTONGGONGMEIFENLIJIANDINGDECHANGYONGFANGFA。 DA:(1)DIANYONGFA;(2)CENGXIFA;(3)REWENDINGFA;(4)MEIDONGLIXUEFA;(5)MIANYIXUEFA。 87.JIANSHUFANYINGDANDAOGENGZUDEMEILEIJIQIBIAOXIAN。 DA:(1)ALP:90%DEDANDAOGENGZUHUANZHESHENGGAO,AIBIANSHISHENGGAOXIANZHU,JIMANXINGGANYAN,GANYINGHUAQINGZHONGDUSHENGGAO。 (2)r-GT:LINCHUANGYIYIYUALPXIANGSI:(3)5'-NTHELAP: LINCHUANGYIYIYUALPXIANGSI,5'-NTZAIERTONG、QINGNIANJIGUGEJIBINGSHIDOUBUSHENGGAO,TEYIXINGYOU。 88.ZENYANGCAINENGTIGAOBISEFENXIDELINGMINDUHEZHUNQUEDU? DA:.(1)SHIDANGDELVGUANGPIAN;(2)BEICEWUZHIDEXIGUANGDUYINGZAI0.1~1.0ZHIJIAN;(3)BISEBEITOUGUANGLVYIZHI,WEIZHIYIZHI。(4)ZHUNQUEZHANGWOBISESHIJIANi(5)SHI JIBENSHENYOUYANSE,YINGZUOKONGBAIGUAN。 89.MEIDEGUOJIDANWEIRUHEGUIDING? DA:1961NIANGUOJISHENGHUAXUEHUI(IUB)MEIXUEWEIYUANHUIJIANYIGAIYONGTONGYIDEGUOJIDANWEI。YIGEGUOJIDANWEIWEI:ZAIGUIDINGDESHIYANTIAOJIANXIA(WENDU25℃、ZUISHIpH、ZUISHIDIWU NONGDU)MEIFENZHONGCUIHUA1WEIMOERDIWUBIANHUASUOXUDEMEILIANG。KEYONGIU/LHUOIU/mlBIAOSHI。 90.SHENMEJIAOLIXINLI?YINGXIANGLIXINLIDAXIAODELIANGGEYINSUSHISHENME? DA:WUTIYIYIDINGSUDUYISIZHOUYUNDONGFANGSHIXUANZHUAN,CISHIJIUXINGCHENGYIZHONGLI,CILITONGGUOWUTITUOLIYUANZHOUYUNDONGDEYUANXIN。 YINGXIANGLIXINLIDAXIAODEYINSUSHI:(1)LIXINBANJING;(2)LIXINSUDU(ZHUANSHU/FEN)。 91.JIANSHUXUETANGCEDINGZHONGDEPUTAOTANGYANGHUAMEIFA(GOD)DEYUAN LI(KEYONGFANYINGSHIBIAOSHI)。 .(LVE) 92.JIANSHUSHUANGSUOTUNFACEDINGXUEQINGDANBAIDEYUANLI。 DA:(1)ANJISUANTONGGUOTAILIANLIANJIE(--CONH--);(2)JIANXINGHUANJING;(3)TAILIANYUTONGLIZIZAIHECHENGZIHONGSELUOHEWU。 93.MUQIANGPTCEDINGFANGFAYOUJIZHONG?ZHUYAOQUBIESHISHENME? DA:(1)BISEFA(LAISHI、JINSHI);FANYINGSHIJIANCHANG,HUOLIGAOSHICHANWUSHENGCHENGLIANGBUYUMEIHUOLICHENGZHENGBI,LAISHIFACAIYONGKAMENSHIDANWEI,JINSHIFADANWEIDINGYIBUHELI。 (2)MEILIANZIWAILIANXUJIANCEFA:GENJUA340nmCHUGUANGMIDUDEXIAJIANGSULVCEDINGMEIFA。JIEGUOJIEJINZUIDAFANYINGSUDU、ZHUNQUE、KUAISU,YOUYUCAIYONGLEZUISHITIAOJIAN,JIEGUO JIAOLAI SHIFAZENGGAO。 94.WEISHENMEYIXIEYOUJIRONGJIKESHIDANBAIZHICHENDIAN? DA:(1)JIUJING、JIACHUN、BINGTONGXISHUIXINGQIANG,NENGPOHUAIDANBAIZHIJIAOLISHANGDESHUIHUACENGERSHIQICHENDIAN(JIPOHUAIDANBAIZHIDEJIAOTIXINGZHIERSHIDANBAIZHICHENDIAN)。(2)YOUJIRONGJI CHENDIANDANBAIZHIWANGWANGYINQIBIANXING,RUJIUJINGXIAODU。 95. HEWEIWUCHA?CHANGJIANWUCHAFENJIZHONG?YIYIHEZAI? DA:ZHICEDINGJIEGUOYUZHENZHIHUODINGZHIDEBUFUHEXING,XITONGWUCHA:CEDINGJIEGUOYUZHENZHICUNZAITONGYIQINGXIANGDEPIANLI,JIANYUFANGFAWUCHA、CAOZUOWUCHA、SHIJIBUCHUNDENG。 OURANWUCHA(SUIJIWUCHA):SHIYIZHONGBUDINGDE,YIOURANBUKEYULIAODEFANGSHICHUXIANDEWUCHA,JIEGUOCHAOXIANXINGFANWEI、BIAOBENCHULIBUDANG、YIQIPIAOYI、GUANGDIANCHILAOHUADENG。 GUOSHIWUCHA:GONGZUOBURENZHEN、ZERENXINBUQIANGDENGYINQI。RUCAOZUOSHIWU、TIANCUOJIEGUODENG。 96.HEZHONGJIXINGSHIXIANGFANYINGDANBAIDEXUEJIANGNONGDUZAIYANZHENGSHIFAN ERJIANGDI? DA:QIANBAIDANBAI;BAIDANBAI,ZHUANTIEDANBAI。 97. SHIYANSHICHANGYONGDECENGXIFAYOUJIZHONG? DA:(1)ZHICENGXI;(2)BOCENGCENGXI;(3)QIXIANGCENGXI;(4)YEXIANGCENGXI;(5)NINGJIAOGUOLVCENGXI;(6)LIZIJIAOHUANCENGXI。 98. XUETANGDEZHUYAOSHENGLIGONGNENGYOUNAXIE? DA:(1)SHIFANGNENGLIANG,SHINENGLIANGDEZHUYAOLAIYUAN。(2)YUZHILEIXINGCHENGTANGZHI,SHISHENJINGZUZHIYUXIBAOMODEZHONGYAOCHENGFEN。 (3)YUDANBAIZHIJIEHECHENGTANGDANBAI,SHIJIEDIZUZHIDEJIZHI,XIANTIYUZHANMOFENMIYEDECHENGFEN。(4)TANGYUANYISHENGXINGCHENGDANBAIZHIJIZHIFANG。 99. JIANSHUPUTAOTANGYANGHUAMEIFACEDINGPUTAOTANGDEYUANLI。ZHENGCHANG SHUZHISHIDUOSHAO? .(LVE) 100.HEWEIGUXIANGMEI?YOUSHENMETEDIAN? DA:JIANGSHUIRONGXINGDEMEIYONGWULIHUOHUAXUEFANGFACHULI,SHIQIXIFU、BAOMAIHUOGONGJIAJIEHEZAIZAITISHANG,SHIZHIBIANCHENGBURONGYUSHUIDANRENGJUYOUMEIHUOXINGDEMEIYANSHENGWU,CUIHUAFANYINGZHONG,YIGUXIANGZHUANGTAIZUOYONGYUDIWU。TEDIAN:(1)FANFUSHIYONG;(2)WENDINGXINGHAO;(3)DUIGANRAOBUMINGAN;(4)JIXIEQIANGDUGAO

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